Culture - Names & Surnames

Place names

Our sense of place finds expression in place names. In fact, of the 62000 place names on the island of Ireland, 1200 are associated with oak and of 16000 town lands in the country, 13000 are associated with trees.

Examples are: -
TREES AND WOODS (Crann, Coill) Cranmore, Buncrana Kylemore, Quilty, Kiltyclogher
OAK (Dar) Names ending in Derry, Kildare
ASH (Fuinseog or in association with Sacred sites, Bile) Baillenafuinseog, Rathvilly, Moville, Knock avilla
ALDER (Fearnog) Ferns, Ferney
YEW (Iur or Eo) Newry, Terenure, Youghal, Mayo
BIRCH (Beith) Killbehenny, Ballybay
ROWAN (Caorthamnn) Drumkeeran, Ballykeerin
HOLLY (Cuillean) Glencullen, Drumcullen
ELM (Leamhan) Lucan
APPLE (Ull) Oulart
WILLOW Sallynoggan

Another imprint made by trees on our identity is the use of tree for surnames. Names in Irish such as CULLEN, McCULLEN or CULLINANE come from Cullen (Holly), DARRAGH or McDARRAGH, DRENNAN and, THORNTON from Draighnean (Blackthorn) and QUILL, QUILTY from Coill (Wood). Also there are Irish names in the English language such as ASHE and WOODS.